Scalp skin is unique on the body due to the density of hair follicles and high rate of sebum production. These features make it susceptible to many conditions such as dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, ringworm of the scalp, parasitic infestation, and inflammatory conditions (psoriasis).
Because these scalp conditions share similar symptoms such as scaling, inflammation, hair loss, and others, seeing your dermatologist for diagnosis is critically important.
There are a number of medical conditions that are related to the scalp. Most of these are conditions that result in hair loss or some type of skin rash. Many scalp conditions are hereditary, but some may be caused by malnutrition or an infection. The treatment and outlook depends on the condition causing the scalp problems.
There are many different causes of scalp conditions. For many, the exact causes are unknown, or are multiple and seem to involve genetics. These include autoimmune disorders, male pattern baldness, skin conditions, hormonal disorders, psoriasis, and scleroderma. Others, like ringworm, lice, and leishmaniasis, are known to be caused by infections.
The prognosis for many scalp conditions is good. Although there are no cures for some of them, treatment can successfully control symptoms. Medications that slow or regrow hair are somewhat successful, but wigs are always an option when treatment does not work. With the help of Dr. Mash, the infections that cause scalp conditions can be treated and eliminated.